Visit Jordan, an Arab kingdom in western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River. The Dead Sea is situated along its western borders and the country has a short 26-kilometer (16 mi) coastline on the Red Sea in its extreme south-west, but is otherwise landlocked. Jordan's capital city, Amman, is the country's economic, political and cultural center. Since the Palaeolithic period, Jordan has been inhabited by humans and three stable kingdoms evolved at the end of the Bronze Age: Ammon, Moab and Edom. Subsequent rulers included the Nabataean Kingdom, the Roman Empire, and the Ottoman Empire. Its rich heritage and history offers fantastic opportunities to explore traces of biblical tribes, Roman legions, Christian crusaders and Islamic caliphates. Situated in Jordan is the legendary site of Petra, with magnificent tombs and glorious temples showcasing a fraction of the country’s complex and intricate past.